What Is Freedom?


Freedom is an important concept in politics and philosophy. It is usually defined as the absence of constraints on action, but it may also be viewed as the ability to do what one wants to do without being restricted by others’ rights or expectations. Freedom is often associated with the rights and civil liberties for which people have fought in war, such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion.

A person can be free in different ways: metaphysically or morally; physically or legally. In the metaphysical sense, freedom is an ability to choose one’s actions and thoughts without being constrained by fate, necessity or other factors outside of control. A person can also be free by recognizing what is morally good and aiming for it, or by being free to resist what is morally wrong.

Physically, a person can be free by not being in prison or being a slave. Freedom can also be a result of an agreement between a government and a hostage or prisoner, such as the agreement worked out by the United Nations under which all prisoners and captives would gain their freedom. Freedom can also be a state of mind: someone who is mentally free can think and act with confidence and ease.

Legally, freedom refers to a person’s right not to be subjected to laws or policies that violate their rights or liberties. This includes the right to freedom of expression (the ability to say what you want to others, with some restrictions), the right to freedom of religion and the right to freedom of assembly and petition. It can also include the right to freedom of choice, which includes the ability to buy and sell what you want to.

The freedoms guaranteed by the Constitution of the United States are among the most respected in the world, although they come under frequent attack. The first step in defending this freedom is a correct understanding of what freedom is. Freedom’s enemies have a good understanding of freedom and use it to their advantage, while its friends sometimes misuse it by failing to understand it properly.

The best way to preserve freedom in our society is to ensure that people who have been deprived of it get the opportunity and skills to acquire it for themselves. This can be done by ensuring equal access to education, jobs and security. It can also be achieved by limiting special privilege for the few, and by guaranteeing that everyone has access to the same civil liberties. This can be accomplished by passing laws that set clear guidelines and limits for what is allowed in any given situation. If these guidelines are respected, everyone will know what is expected of them, and they will be able to distinguish between what is necessary for the protection of liberty and what is not. In this way, freedom can be maintained in a democratic society. Exceptions to these rules can be justified when they are needed for national security, territorial integrity, public safety and public health or morality.