To understand democracy, one must first define what it is. In an ideal, democracy is a political system where the citizens of a country have the right to choose their political leaders or to deliberate and determine legislation through direct democracy. The citizens’ representatives are selected by party members based on their proportional representation in a multiparty election. In direct democracy, citizens are allowed to participate as equals and have equal rights.
There are three basic forms of democracy: universal, participative and proportional. Universal democracy, also called universal suffrage, is an inclusive form in which all citizens are entitled to participate in the making of laws and decisions. In a participative form of democracy, a general assembly is elected to meet and make decisions on behalf of the citizens. When a representative of the general assembly cannot get the majority of votes from the citizens for a particular bill, he must seek help from another representative of the citizens’ assemblies.
Every citizen in a democracy should be entitled to vote and be allowed to have a say in how he or she would like his or her country run. All citizens in a democracy should be allowed to participate in elections, whether they are registered voters or not. Because every person has the right to vote, there is no longer any need to force a person to take part in an election. A country’s citizens are allowed to vote whenever they want to. These two key ideas are the basis of democracy.
The transition from democracy to a transitional democracy or from a democracy to a republic is sometimes hard for some to understand. Sometimes, there are suspicions among people that the transition from democracy to another form of democracy is dangerous to human rights. However, a good number of nations throughout the world have witnessed successful transitions from democracy to transitional democracy. In addition, there are still numerous countries throughout the world under oppressive rule and a handful of dictatorships that have repressed their people’s fundamental freedoms. Regardless of whether or not a country is in transition between democratic to republic and from democracy to absolute rule, everyone has the right to have all his or her human rights protected.
The second key idea behind democracy is the separation of powers in a country. Many nations throughout the world today experience a balance of democracy and rule of law. In contrast, the former does not require absolute power and is also characterized by the protection of individual freedoms such as speech, press, and assembly. On the other hand, the latter allows some freedoms but also requires a system of checks and balances in the form of the constitution to prevent abuse of power. This system separates the two major branches of government namely, the executive branch and the legislative branch. The separation of these two branches ensures the equality of power and safeguards the interests of the citizens.
There are some differences between absolute and representative democracy. For instance, in absolute democracy, the leader can do whatever he or she likes as long as there is an election. Representatives are elected for a specific period of time based on the constitution of the country, and the terms of their representatives are determined according to the party that won the most votes at the previous elections. Representative democracy, on the other hand, requires that the leader of a democratic party must first be chosen by an election conducted through universal suffrage. The parties that win most seats in an election then form a ruling party that rules the country.