Indonesia is a country located in the Pacific Ocean and comprises over seventeen thousand islands. Its location between the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean makes it one of the most populous nations in the world. The country is home to many diverse cultures and has a long history of democracy. There is also a democratic system of government and parliament. However, democracy in Indonesia is relatively new. In order to ensure its continued development, it must be made more open to the world.
Democracy in Indonesia has been characterized by a long history of violence. In 1965, military leaders ousted Sukarno from power and established an autocratic regime known as Guided Democracy. In 1959, a bloody anticommunist purge resulted in the deaths of over 500,000 people. It took years before the party system was transformed into a democratic system. It’s not surprising that the country has experienced several crises in its history.
Today, a variety of challenges surround democracy in Indonesia. For example, the House of Representatives is debating an omnibus bill which would create a common electoral system that could appeal to different groups in the country. A lot of political parties are in favor of the omnibus bill, which aims to’recentralize’ the important decisions for the future of the country. There’s a lack of transparency in the system, which causes a wide gap in the country’s democracy.
Although there’s no clear definition of democracy, many believe that the current situation in Indonesia is a problem for democratic practices. There are many challenges that a government needs to overcome to strengthen its institutions. In the past, a large party cartel has crippled accountability mechanisms, preventing citizens from expressing their preferences. Furthermore, the large party cartel dominated the nation’s institutions, while local legislatures were rubberstamped Jakarta’s appointments. The political parties had little time to develop an inclusive platform. In recent years, this has changed, allowing people to vote for their preferred candidate.
The current government’s proposal to switch from indirect to direct elections ignores the most important lesson about the democratization of indonesia. In contrast, the World Bank notes that the transition from indirect to direct elections produced a dramatic reduction in ethnic tensions in the country. A number of other Islamic parties gained seats in the DPR. This is evidence of the fact that the country’s political system is more inclusive than it was in the past.
The country’s democracy is not a problem in the country. Despite its reputation as a highly democratic society, democracy in indonesia is not free from corruption and money-politics. Its armed forces have used corruption to win elections in the past and are notorious for their use of force to influence public opinion. In addition to the armed forces, the country’s president is also the head of state.